In recent times, the Indian cotton market has been facing challenges due to low arrivals and a slow recovery in textile and apparel consumption. However, despite these obstacles, the market has shown resilience, with Indian cotton prices remaining firm and even showing an uptrend. The government’s efforts to support downstream capacity expansion and favourable economic indicators have contributed to positive sentiment in
the local textile industry. In this article, let’s discuss the cotton industry in India and how it is tackling global challenges.
Overview Of Cotton Production, Demand And Prices In India
- Low Arrivals And Shortage Of Cotton In India- The Ministry of Agriculture’s data reveals that as of 9 April 2023, the cumulative arrival of Indian cotton was only 3.068 million tons, significantly lower than previous years and below the Cotton Association of India’s (CAI) production forecast of 5.32 million tons. This has resulted in a shortage of cotton in India, leading to upward pressure on prices. The weekly arrival of cotton was around 55,000 tons, which is a cause for concern and has affected the availability of cotton for the downstream industry.
- Growing Cotton Demand- Despite the challenges in cotton arrivals, there has been a growing demand for cotton from the downstream market in India. Buyers in the textile and garment sectors have been active in the first week of the new fiscal year 2023-24. The increase in cotton yarn sales in South India has driven up cotton yarn costs in the Mumbai market. The local spinning mills have been operating at a relatively high rate, but the cotton inventory in spinning mills is lower than that of the same period in previous years. Increased orders from the Chinese market, Turkey, and Europe due to the impact of the previous earthquake have also contributed to the rising trend in Indian cotton consumption in recent months.
- Government’s Support For the Cotton Industry In India– Recognizing the importance of the textile industry in India’s economy, the government has been taking steps to support downstream capacity expansion. Plans for seven comprehensive textile zones and garment parks are advancing, which are expected to boost the textile industry’s growth in the coming years. These initiatives are aimed at addressing issues such as low value-added, high production costs, and low profits in India’s downstream textile industry. Additionally, the government has introduced policies to reduce import tariffs on certain textile machinery, spare parts, and accessories, including shuttleless looms, to promote the healthy operation of the downstream textile industry.
Favourable Economic Indicators Of the Textile Industry In India
India’s Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) for March 2023 has shown positive signs for the textile industry. The PMI increased by 1.1 percentage points from February 2023 to 56.4, indicating India’s manufacturing industry has shown strength after the epidemic. The textile industry is a big part of the manufacturing industry. This is particularly noteworthy considering the sluggish performance of global commodities during the U.S. interest rate hike cycle. The signal of economic expansion has brought positive sentiment to India’s local textile industry, indicating a potential recovery in the cotton market.
Despite the challenges faced by the Indian cotton market in recent times, such as low arrivals and slow recovery in textile and apparel consumption, the market has shown resilience. The government’s efforts to support downstream capacity expansion and favourable economic indicators, including the rise in PMI, have contributed to positive sentiment in the local textile industry. With continued support from the government and increased demand from the downstream market, the Indian cotton market is poised for potential recovery in the coming months.